Property Investment: the fundamentals
As accountants, we are often asked by clients whether they should invest in property. Over the last two...
With the official cash rate at record lows, residential growth sluggish and eighty per cent of 2019’s NBR Rich List Top 20 having made their money in bricks and mortar, many clients are looking seriously toward commercial property as a place to invest.
Commercial property may look attractive now, but those who remember boarded and empty shops following the 2008 recession will understandably be hesitant. So, before you dive headfirst into unchartered territory, it pays to know what to look for and be aware of the risks.
There are many choices when it comes to commercial property, but it starts with deciding what kind of commercial property best suits your needs. The main choices in New Zealand are industrial, retail and office.
Real estate used for industrial purposes and includes warehouses, factories, and distribution centres.
Presents a broad range of options and includes shops and restaurants from single occupancy buildings right the way through to large shopping malls
Office buildings range from small buildings in the suburbs right the way through to skyscrapers in the central business district The quality of each category varies widely, and this has a significant effect on the ability to attract quality long-term tenants.
There are three primary considerations when you are looking to buy commercial property:
The person, organisation or organisations that occupy your land and/or property. It is worth considering whether they are a stable, long-term business that can service the rental payments without difficulty, and are happy that the property suits their current and future needs.
The expected annual return as a percentage of the property’s value. This is often dependent on the quality of the property and location.
Where the property is situated, including city/suburb, access to transport, markets and zoning.
Land values go up; building values go down. If you can’t participate in the value of land increasing because it is leasehold, this removes a major attraction of property investment, and you are at the mercy of the landowner increasing lease costs. Our advice would be to avoid buying on leasehold land.
Future local plans can have very positive outcomes if a new development is planned with ample transport and auxiliary services, but if your new building is in a town that is about to be by-passed by a new highway, you will be very grateful that you invested in some due diligence.
In general, what you are looking for is that a property that is at least a 67% NBS (New Building Standard). Specific things to look for include asbestos, earthquake-prone buildings and historic protections. While an old building can provide great opportunities for a change of use, they can also cause a significant hole in your pocket when changes cannot be made because they are historically protected or need to be vacated for costly earthquake protection. At present earthquake strengthening costs are non-deductible for tax, although this is under review. The tax treatment of other repairs or upgrades will depend on the extent of the work.
Most leases are net, leaving the cost of rates, services and maintenance in the hands of the lessee. However, this is not true for all locations and cases. An example of this is Wellington, where some leases are gross leases, which leases include insurance, rates maintenance and other costs, which adds a high cost for the owner compared
with other locations.
Some buildings may have the opportunity of changing their use to increase returns by being refurbished or going through a new fit-out. While this is a cost, a payback calculation should be performed to see if it is worthwhile in the long run. This may be based on being able to increase the rent to the existing tenant or acknowledging that new tenants will be needed to better match the new building function or higher specifications.
For an acquisition that includes an existing tenant, it pays to include an assessment of your current tenant’s business future and any red flags that could cause damage to property that cannot be recovered. Commercial leases are longer in duration than residential property, and when taking on new tenants, due diligence is important in protecting your investment, including at acquisition time.
Key considerations include:
Your yield should be above the interest rate both on any money borrowed and where your money could be otherwise invested. The yield on commercial property has been declining over time, although the recent slowdown in property price increases is likely to reverse this.
Commercial property is not for the faint-hearted and, as with all investments, a diversified portfolio is important to preserving your wealth. You may not have a large amount to invest, be unwilling to take the risk of investing in one property or want to avoid the stress of managing your own property investment. A less risky approach worth considering is investing in the listed commercial property stocks, which spreads the risk and are easily realisable.
If you would like to know more about commercial property investment options, check out the article Listed Property Trusts and Syndicated Property in the Winter 2017 issue of Numbers.